Evaluating the Optimal Sensor Placement for Smoke Detection

Mirjana Maksimović, Vladimir Milošević

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) consist of wireless sensor nodes, where the choice of their deployment scheme depends highly on the type of sensors, their application, and the environment they will operate in. The performance of WSNs can be affected if the network is deployed under different topologies. In this paper various strategies for positioning nodes in WSNs for fire detection (grid, triangular and strip) are discussed. We propose the proper placement of the smoke sensors to satisfy two important network design objectives: to maximize the network lifetime after fire ignition, and to achieve full coverage by using a minimum number of sensors (especially in a deterministic node deployment).