Digital 3d Technology and Cultural Heritage: Standards and Innovations

Boris Horošavin

In recent years cultural heritage practice has overtaken decisive steps towards new digital technologies. Various projects have been conducted in our region employing these new methods. The efficiency and utility of digital 3D technology has been proved beyond any doubt, especially considering its multipurpose character. Its implementation can be multifarious, ranging from digital scanning and documenting an object to creating elaborate 3D visualizations as a vital part of conservation project documentation. However, conservation and restoration practice in our region isn’t yet fully in tune with rapid technological development. Basic technical documentation for many significant objects is still kept in hand drawn or analogue form and concomitant photo-material is old, inadequate and practically unusable. There is a strong need for closer connection between traditional documenting, conservation and restoration processes and technical innovations. These are the main questions this article will try to answer: How to gather and process data in a manner compatible with digital techniques? What are new tools and methods in recording and documenting material? What are the benefits and advantages of implementing 3D and overall digital technology in conservation and restoration procedures?