In this paper we introduce the notions of left (resp. right) Fredholm and left (resp. right) Browder linear relations. We construct a Kato-type decomposition of such linear relations. The results are then applied to give another decomposition of a left (resp. right) Browder linear relation $T$ in a Banach space as an operator-like sum $T=A+B$, where $A$ is an injective left (resp. a surjective right) Fredholm linear relation and $B$ is a bounded finite rank operator with certain properties of commutativity. The converse results remain valid with certain conditions of commutativity. As a consequence, we infer the characterization of left (resp. right) Browder spectrum under finite rank operator.