Hypernear-rings with a defect of distributivity

Sanja Jančić-Rašović, Irina Cristea

Since in a near-ring the distributivity holds just on one side (left or right), it seems naturally to study the behaviour and properties of the set of elements that " correct " the lack of distributivity, in other words that elements that assure the validity of the distributivity. The normal subgroup of the additive structure of a near-ring generated by these elements is called a defect of distributivity of the near-ring. The purpose of this note is to initiate the study of the hypernear-rings (generalizations of near-rings, having the additive part a quasicanonical hypergroup) with a defect of distributivity, making a comparison with similar properties known for near-rings