Disease Extinction and Persistence in a Discrete-time SIS Epidemic Model with Vaccination and Varying Population Size

Rahman Farnoosh, Mahmood Parsamanesh

A discrete-time SIS epidemic model with vaccination is introduced and formulated by a system of difference equations. Some necessary and sufficient conditions for asymptotic stability of the equilibria are obtained. Furthermore, a sufficient condition is also presented. Next, bifurcations of the model including transcritical bifurcation, period-doubling bifurcation, and the Neimark-Sacker bifurcation are considered. In addition, these issues will be studied for the corresponding model with constant population size. Dynamics of the model are also studied and compared in detail with those found theoretically by using bifurcation diagrams, analysis of eigenvalues of the Jacobian matrix, Lyapunov exponents and solutions of the models in some examples.