Traffic Deflection Method for DOS Attack Defense using a Location-Based Routing Protocol in the Sensor Network

Ho-Seok Kang, Sung-Ryul Kim, Pankoo Kim

As the ubiquitous computing environment gets more attention and development, WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) is getting popular as well. Especially, the development of wireless communication and sensor equipment greatly contributes to the popularization of WSN. On the other hand, the safety and security of WSN attracts lots of attention due to such a development and distribution. The DoS (Denial of Service) attack, which gets more sophisticated and broadens its domain into various services fields, may have negative effects on WSN, making it vulnerable to attacks. Since WSN collects information through sensors that are already deployed, it is difficult to have its energy recharged. When WSN is under a DoS attack, sensor nodes consume lots of energy, bringing about a fatal result to the sensor network. In this paper, we propose a method to efficiently defend against DoS attacks by modifying routing protocols in the WSN. This method uses a location based routing protocol that is simple and easy to implement. In the WSN environment where the location-based routing protocol is implemented, this method disperses the DoS attack concentration of traffic by using the traffic deflection technique and blocks it out before arriving at the target destinations. To find out the number of traffic redirection nodes proper for this method, we have performed a few experiments, through which the number of such nodes was optimized.