Modeling of Arterial Stiffness using Variations of Pulse Transit Time

Aleksandar Peulić, Natasa Milojevic, Emil Jovanov, Miloš Radović, Igor Saveljić, Nebojša Zdravković, Nenad Filipović

In this paper, a finite element (FE) modeling is used to model effects of the arterial stiffness on the different signal patterns of the pulse transit time (PTT). Several different breathing patterns of the three subjects are measured with PTT signal and corresponding finite element model of the straight elastic artery is applied. The computational fluid-structure model provides arterial elastic behavior and fitting procedure was applied in order to estimate Young’s module of stiffness of the artery. It was found that approximately same elastic Young’s module can be fitted for specific subject with different breathing patterns which validate this methodology for possible noninvasive determination of the arterial stiffness.